Along with national programs on sustainable development and climate change response, small-scale projects with a bottom-up approach also play an essential role in implementing sustainable development goals. The paper analyzes the concepts of grassroots development and sustainable development based on a bottom-up climate change mitigation and adaptation project implemented in two Northwest provinces of Vietnam.
On September 1, 2020, RECOFTC (Regional Community Forestry Training Center) released a new report titled “Civil society increasingly shapes forest laws in the Mekong region”, focusing on how countries across the Mekong region are opening up decision-making processes to civil society as they reform policies and laws governing forests.
This report has been consolidated based on the studies conducted in 2 years, 2012 and 2016, with the purpose to review and analyze the constraints that hinder the ability of credit organizations in Viet Nam to develop green credit and encourage adoption of social and environmental risk management practices. Based on the assessments, the report also recommends policy measures to support credit institutions in growing green credit and managing environmental and social risks for the loans granted to development projects.
Special-use forests (SUFs) are natural protected areas established to conserve the nature and biodiversity of Vietnam. Although the number of SUFs in Vietnam has increased over the years, biodiversity and forest density continues to decline. The Special-Use Forest system of protected area management has been implemented in accordance with ideas of wilderness areas and no-use regimes , and strongly relies on the capacity of state agencies, forest rangers, the military, and police. The state-based preservation of natural resources and biodiversity in SUF areas has been variously evaluated as deficient in a number of areas, including managing conflict between multiple user groups. To overcome these deficiencies, Vietnam has piloted co-management approaches in many SUFs since 2001, and as of 2003 included co-management in its official national strategy for SUF management.
The report "REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014: Trends and Lessons Learned in REDDX Countries" contains detailed information and analysis of REDD+ finance flows in major REDD+ countries. Based on the report findings, our key recommendations urge policymakers to provide clarity around long-term plans for finance, increase coordination across scales and between donors, and enhance private sector engagement.
Vietnam’s environment has faced accelerating pressures of degradation and pollution from development. Pollution not only affects the health, property and lives of citizens and the state, but is also a potential source of political and social unrest, causing civil protests to stop the acts of pollution. Therefore, clear litigation for citizen lawsuits to protect their rights and interests will be an essential solution and beneficial for citizens, the state, enterprises, and other parties.
The duties of communal rangers are stipulated in the Article 13, Decree 119/2006/N?-CP dated16 October 2006 of the Government on the organizational structure and operation of forest rangers. Accordingly, with their rights and obligations, the main duties of rangers are: advising the Chairmen of Communal People’s Committees to implement the state management functions in terms of forest protection plans; build public teams for forest protection; educate, instruct and motivate the community of villages to develop and implement laws as well as regulation1 on forest protection; check, detect, prevent and promptly resolve violations of the law on forest protection under their power and in compliance with legal regulations. As a focal point to promote and support the local government and community to implement policies and laws on forest protection, local rangers have been identified as an indispensable factor in national parks/reserve in developing and implementing the model of special use forest co-management such as the model implemented by PanNature from 2010 to 2013 Ngoc Son Nature Reserve-NgoLuong, Hoa Binh Province.
Maintaining and increasing forest coverage is identified as one aspect of ensuring sustainable development of Viet Nam in the country’s strategies. Viet Nam has seen the reversed trend in forest coverage loss since 1995 after decades of war and timber extraction for economic purposes. While there’s still controversy about quality of remaining and new forests, the statistical quantity of forest coverage looks promising.