Projects & Activities

Recommendations for VPA/FLEGT Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism

On August 14, 2020, at the People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) office, representatives of RECOFTC Vietnam, WWF Vietnam (participating online), and PanNature had a meeting with the VPA/FLEGT  Monitoring and Evaluation advisory group to provide recommendations on the development of the draft framework.

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‘Treasury’ of biodiversity discovered in Kon Tum

Surveys about biodiversity by Fauna & Flora International (FFI) have uncovered a ‘treasury’ of rare and precious rare animals in Kon Long district in Kon Tum province.

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Workshop “Promoting the Role of Ethnic Minority and Mountainous Communities in Environmental Protection”

Hai Phong, September 25th, 2020 – PanNature, in cooperation with Committee for Ethnic Affairs, held a workshop “Promoting the role of ethnic minority and mountainous communities in environmental protection – Orientation, mechanisms, and policies in the Environmental Protection Law”.

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Making CFM work in Central Highlands Vietnam through an inclusive landscape governance approach

Transfer of land-use rights from the state to the community to encourage community forest management (CFM) and use of forest resources for livelihood improvement, has been in place in Vietnam since the 1990s. However, while the policies, institutions, and approaches used to develop this model still continue to be developed and improved by the State and NGOs, the specific practical aspects of policy implementation and confirmation of performance still needs further evaluation.

In 2019, People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) – an MRLG partner organization in Vietnam – in collaboration with the Central Highlands University conducted a baseline study in two piloted CFM models in Yang Mao commune, Dak Lak province, Central Highlands Vietnam. The study was carried out with the specific objectives: (i) Generally analyzing the current situation of CFM models within the study area; (ii) Analyzing the potentials and constraints related to current forest management. We also looked across the two CFM models
for lessons learned and discuss the factors that influence the effectiveness of CFM on the ground.

Tul and Hang Nam village, are two of 11 villages of Yang Mao – a mountainous commune of Krong Bong district. The population of these two villages mostly are M’Nong ethnic group, with 105 households in Tul and 167 households in Hang Nam. Swidden cultivation (maze and cassava) and husbandry are two main livelihood activities in the area. Especially in the context of commercial crop boom and illegal migration of some Northern ethnic minority groups, the cultivation land shortage has been a major problem for many villagers in the area, according to the study household interviews.

The meeting of Hang Nam Village community for sustainable forest plan

The meeting of Hang Nam Village’s community for sustainable forest plan

 In 2002, these two villages were selected by the District authority as part of the pilot location for forest allocation program to the entire community with the area of nearly 1500 ha forestland (1,130.7 for Tul and 404.8 for Hang Nam respectively). Natural production forests, which account for 64% while the rest were barren land that was designed for tree plantations. The rights to forests of these two villages are specified based on the 50 years forest allocation indenture (Green-book), instead of the official land-use certificate, that including rights to use and get benefits from forest products (timber and NTFPs) for both household demand and commercial purposes and be allowed to call for investment in forest production activities. A local agreement on forest management and the benefit-sharing mechanism was along developed among villagers during this period.

The meeting of Tul Village community for sustainable forest plan

However, our assessment reveals that during nearly 15 years, villagers have not benefited much from the allocated forests, except NTFPs for household demands. The two villages have also not received any supports, both financially and technically from local authorities or NGOs for their efforts in forest protection and management. As a result, the allocated forest areas in both villages have decreased, appropriately 1.7-1.9% per year. The main causes of
deforestation are mainly due to encroachment and illegal logging. The lack of guidelines in forest management by state authority and the clear benefit-sharing mechanism also reduced people’s motivation to protect forests. The loss of these community forests also placed great pressure on the rich natural forests nearby.

Since 2014, the situation has improved greatly through the implementation of Payment for Forest Ecosystem Services (PES). Nearly 700 ha of community forests are under PES scheme. With the support from District Forest Protection Unit and local authority, the groups of villagers are organized to carry out forest patrol activities. Village rules related to forest management, which details local activities allowed within the village boundaries and under
PES schemes have been discussed and employed strictly. At the same time, groups of HHs (8-12 or so, are which tended to be households that lived near one another or are relatives), led by a group head, sign a formal yearly contract with state forest owners nearby as the Chu Yang Sin National Park and Yang Mao Commune People’s Committee (CPC) and agree to regularly patrol the specified area, prevent forest fires, and report outsiders. According to the HH survey, annually each household received on average ~1.8-2 million VND per household/year (78-87 USD/HH/year), accounting for 34-54% total HH forest-based income.

In the conclusion, the study highlights some key points that can influence the effectiveness of CFM in the research site: (i) The local villagers are already legally entitled to full benefits from the allocated forests. However, in practice, forestland-use certificate is necessary but not sufficient condition to guarantee local villagers’ right to get benefits from forests; (ii) Forest-related financial incentives, such as ecosystem services under PES and other investments in forest-friendly tree plantations or agroforestry play a very important role in promoting people’s motivation and desire in forest management post-FLA; (iii) the local social and political assets, such as the culture of a close relationship with forests, leadership, trust, local forest practices, clear regulation and responsibility, clear and appropriate benefit-sharing mechanism and collective action also can be considered as important factors in
designing and operating CFM; (iv) Engagement and collaboration multi-stakeholders, including local authorities, forest rangers, state forest owners and local communities in forest management is key for one inclusive and sustainable forest governance.

Instead of bringing up a new model, PanNature has tried to articulate the existing state and local institutions with the local political economy as well as local norms needs and desires to foster better effectiveness and sustainability of the CFM model in the project site. “Inclusive Forest Landscape Governance is the name of this approach and we hope it will be further applied and replicated in Vietnam’s CFM system in the future.”

Nguyen Thi Hai Van/PanNature

Data Literacy Training

The first training in a series of training courses on data literacy is organized by PanNature in collaboration with Open Data Institute (ODI) in Ha Long, Quang Ninh province from July 6 to 10.

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Forest restoration by using native multipurpose plants in Son La

On June 24, 2020, People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) in collaboration with the Women’s Union branch of Thin Village carried out the reforestation activity on community forest land in Thin village, Xuan Nha commune, Van Ho district, Son La province.

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NGOs and businesses cooperate to promote community forest management in Cambodia

During the 3rd quarter of 2019 and the first 6 months of 2020, Birdlife International – Cambodia Program (Birdlife Cambodia) in cooperation with PanNature and Krongbuk Ratanakiri Rubber Company (KRRC) organized a series of events on awareness raising, learning exchange, consultation and capacity building on community forest management for three villages Chan, Chouy and Kanat in Taveng and Andong Meas districts, Ratanakiri province, Cambodia. These are three villages of ethnic minorities Kreung and Kachok living adjacent to the Phnom Torntang forest which is located inside the rubber plantation area of Krongbuk Ratanakiri Rubber Company.

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Be a Cool Vietnam Explorer

Tourism used to be called a “smokeless” industry. However, this does not mean that tourism has no impact on the ecosystem.

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Reporters break forests news that stop illegal logging

Media coverage on forest governance has inspired Vietnamese authorities to take action to stop illegal logging and deforestation.

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Climate adaptation in focus on new project by ADDA and PanNature

Both are happy to be part of the local development activity again in Lai Chau province and to help influence and assist the farmers in the villages with their climate change initiatives Partners in the provinces of Son La and Lai Chau Local branches of the Vietnam Farmers Union (VNFU) in districts, municipalities and villages will be responsible for the many different activities together with ADDA’s main partner – PanNature. In this project, local farmers from the organization VNFU in Son La and Lai Chau Farmer Union will manage an implementation task, but they will also part of the target group. Their responsibilities are to plan and organize the many activities and make reporting. And in order to be able to solve these tasks, their competences in administrative work, member involvement, as well as agricultural knowledge about the climate’s effect on cultivation methods are strengthened.

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People and Nature Reconciliation | Office: 24 H2, Khu do thi moi Yen Hoa
Yen Hoa quarter, Cau Giay district, Hanoi, Vietnam
Phone: ++8424 3556-4001 | Fax: ++8424 3556-8941 | Email: contact@nature.org.vn