Posts by Editor Staff

Data Literacy Training

The first training in a series of training courses on data literacy is organized by PanNature in collaboration with Open Data Institute (ODI) in Ha Long, Quang Ninh province from July 6 to 10.

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Forest restoration by using native multipurpose plants in Son La

On June 24, 2020, People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) in collaboration with the Women’s Union branch of Thin Village carried out the reforestation activity on community forest land in Thin village, Xuan Nha commune, Van Ho district, Son La province.

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Training Workshop on Testing FGMS

From 10 to 12 Jun, PanNature in collaboration with WWF Vietnam organized a training workshop on testing questionnaires for Forest Governance Monitoring System (FGMS). The training was followed by piloting data collection in relevant governmental agencies and communities in Quang Nam province.   

This event is part of a series of activities carried out in order to establish an FGMS for non-state actors (NSA) to monitor and strengthen forest landscape governance. The organizations will assess and develop effective FGMS that can build the capacity of NSAs to generate reliable information using GIS/web-based systems, and mobile technology to pilot FGMS in Quang Nam province. 

The training participants are representatives from social organizations, forestry cooperatives, and management boards of nature reserves in Quang Nam.

Mrs. Nguyen Bich Hang from WFF Vietnam introduced about questionnaire and indications for FGMS

In the workshop, a questionnaire for data collection was introduced to and discussed by participants. For testing the questionnaire, data collection was implemented in Quang Nam with relevant agencies and communities including DARD, Provincial Forest Protection Department, Forest Protection Fund, Forest Protection Division, Division of Agriculture, management boards of Nam Giang, Song Thanh Nature Reserve, Communal People’s Committees of Ta Bhing, La Dee, and households in Ta Bhing Commune.

Mr. Hoang Xuan Thuy, Deputy Director of PanNature introduced about FGMS

The workshop is a part of the EU-funded Voice for Mekong Forests (V4MF) Project, which aims to support NSAs to effectively participate in forest governance. For that, the project has developed a set of forest governance monitoring indicators as a tool to support NSAs. Currently, the indicators are in a testing phase and expected to be completed and started to operate by the end of 2020.

Participants discussed the questionnaire

The V4MF project, which aims to strengthen the role of NSAs in forest governance in the Mekong region, is implemented in 5 countries including Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar. In Vietnam, the project is implemented in four districts of Quang Nam province, including Phuoc Son, Nam Tra My, Tay Giang, and Nam Giang. In Vietnam, RECOFTC, WWF Vietnam, and PanNature are in charge to run the project.

 

NGOs and businesses cooperate to promote community forest management in Cambodia

During the 3rd quarter of 2019 and the first 6 months of 2020, Birdlife International – Cambodia Program (Birdlife Cambodia) in cooperation with PanNature and Krongbuk Ratanakiri Rubber Company (KRRC) organized a series of events on awareness raising, learning exchange, consultation and capacity building on community forest management for three villages Chan, Chouy and Kanat in Taveng and Andong Meas districts, Ratanakiri province, Cambodia. These are three villages of ethnic minorities Kreung and Kachok living adjacent to the Phnom Torntang forest which is located inside the rubber plantation area of Krongbuk Ratanakiri Rubber Company.

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Be a Cool Vietnam Explorer

Tourism used to be called a “smokeless” industry. However, this does not mean that tourism has no impact on the ecosystem.

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Viet Nam vows to eliminate wildlife trade

Director of the Centre for People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) Tr?nh Lê Nguyên talks to Vietnamplus online newspaper on Vi?t Nam’s efforts to eliminate the wildlife trade

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Toward Sustainable Rubber Value Chain

From December 24-26th, 2019, in Gia Lai, PanNature in collaboration with the Vietnam Rubber Group and Vietnam Rubber Association organized a training course to introduce some sustainable forest certification programs to the representatives of nearly 20 rubber companies in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.

The 3-day-training provided initial insights about the characteristic and operation of certification programs such as FSC and PEFC, paved the way for the enterprises to enter sustainable rubber supply chain.

The companies’ representatives also took part in a field-trip at the sustainable planting and management model in Mang Yang forest (MDF Vinafor Company, H’ra Commune, Mang Yang District, Gia Lai Province) to better understand the sustainable management plans to apply to their business’ case. The training activities are under the Green Livelihoods Alliance (GLA) Program funded by IUCN Netherlands in Vietnam.

 

Conservationists Urge Vietnam to Stamp out Wildlife Trade amid Epidemic

Fourteen wildlife non-profits have jointly called on Vietnam to scrap wildlife markets to prevent Covid-19 outbreaks, citing other global epidemics linked to wild animals.

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Conservation NGOs: Covid-19 disease and Vietnam’s Actions to Address Threats from Illegal Wildlife Trade

On February 16th, 2020, People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) and 9 other Vietnamese and international non-profit organizations working in  nature and wildlife conservation (WWF-Vietnam,  GreenViet,  WCS Vietnam, FFI Vietnam, Education for Nature – Vietnam, Save Vietnam Wildlife, Wildlife at Risk, TRAFFIC Vietnam,  Animals Asia Foundation) have sent an Open Letter to Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc to propose that Vietnam should identify and close markets and other locations illegal wildlife is on sale to prevent Covid-19 disease outbreaks.

***

His Excellency Nguyen Xuan Phuc,
Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

We, the representatives of Vietnamese and international non-profit organizations working in nature and wildlife conservation, would like to bring to your attention one significant issue that we believe has the utmost importance in relation to the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) and reducing threats from further outbreaks.

As you are aware, the Covid-19 outbreak, has caused considerable concern to Vietnamese citizens in regards to their health and considerable costs to the Vietnamese economy and public health to control this emerging threat. As with the outbreak of SARS in 2002, which claimed 5 Vietnamese lives, this novel coronavirus is thought to have been transmitted to humans from wildlife as a result of  close contact in a seafood market in Wuhan, China where illegal wildlife also was being sold. Peer-reviewed scientific publications have now demonstrated that the virus came originally from bats and has been passed via an intermediate wildlife host to humans. The species that acted as an intermediate host has not yet been identified for certain, although one research group in China has suggested it may be pangolins. Irrespective, it appears clear that transmission has occurred via close contact between humans and wildlife as part of ongoing illegal wildlife trade.

Looking back at recent history, several pandemics in the last twenty years showed clear links with virus reservoirs in wildlife populations. The SARS outbreak in 2002, which infected more than 8,000 people and resulted in 774 deaths in 37 countries, came from a novel betacoronavirus sourced from bats through masked palm civets as the intermediate host before reaching humans. The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in 2012, which infected 2,494 and cost 858 human lives, also came from another coronavirus passing though dromedary camels to humans[1].  The very recent bout of African Swine Fever (ASF) sweeping through China, Vietnam and nine other countries, has caused severe economic losses and is attributed to wild African suids[2]. By the end of  2019, all 63 provinces in Vietnam were affected by ASF with over five million pigs euthanized.

The ongoing Covid-19 outbreak will also certainly cause significant damage to Vietnam. An initial assessment by the Ministry of Investment and Planning showed that Vietnam’s GDP target will be 0.53% lower than expected if the outbreak is controlled within the first quarter of 2020 or 0.71% lower if the outbreak is controlled in the second quarter[3]. So far, the airline sector of Vietnam has been hard hit with about 10,000 billion Vietnam Dong lost due to flight cancelations during the outbreak[4].

The lesson from SARS and now Covid-19 are clear: new viruses will continue to move from wildlife to people while illegal wildlife trade and wildlife consumption continue. Research conducted in Vietnam and beyond has demonstrated that corona viruses exist in wildlife populations and the illegal wildlife trade provides opportunities for these viruses to jump from wildlife to people. Despite efforts to reform wildlife protection policy and increase enforcement, illegal wildlife trade and consumption in Vietnam is still problematic. In addition, in recent years, there are growing flows of illegal wildlife products from international markets going to and through Vietnam.

Limiting interaction between wildlife and humans through strong enforcement against illegal wildlife trade and wildlife markets is the most effective approach to mitigating future risk associated with transmission of disease between animals and humans. As the source of this particular outbreak, China has already made some major steps to mitigate future risk in relation to zoonotic disease outbreaks from contact between wildlife and humans by temporarily closing all wildlife markets. This is in recognition of the serious threat faced.

In order to ensure national safety, economic security and the health of the public and Vietnam’s precious ecosystems, we request the Vietnamese government to take strong and sustainable  actions to halt all illegal wildlife trade and consumption in Vietnam. This will require action to:

  • Identify and close markets and other locations illegal wildlife is on sale. These establishments explicitly violate many existing laws of Vietnam.
  • Identify restaurants illegally selling wild meat and enforce bans;
  • Have compulsory requirements for all e-commerce platforms, social media, and online newspapers to sensor and remove all transactions and advertising of illegal wildlife products;
  • Develop more stringent regulations to address risks relating to raising wildlife in captivity for trade and consumption;
  • Reform judicial procedures to ensure effective punishment of wildlife crimes to act as a significant disincentive;
  • Intensify awareness raising activities to inform the Vietnamese people of the risks of wildlife consumption to public security and to individual health; and
  • Ensure cross ministerial collaboration to enact the above points.

We note that the Vietnam Administration of Forestry (VNFOREST) has sent a directive to provincial authorities on controlling wildlife trade to prevent spread of coronaviruses on 6th Feb 2020, following the directive of the Prime Minister on preventing and combating the nCoV disease on 28th January 2020. While we support this effort of VNFOREST, it’s recommended that the government should take more concrete actions to eliminate reservoirs of future virus outbreaks as detailed above.

In addition to the public safety and economic rationale for such controls, these actions will help demonstrate Vietnam is a regional leader on the issue of combating illegal wildlife trade and biodiversity conservation.

We the undersigned stand ready to support the development and implementation of initiatives to reduce this threat to society.

Participating organizations

WWF-Vietnam,  GreenViet,  WCS Vietnam, FFI Vietnam, Education for Nature – Vietnam, Save Vietnam Wildlife, Wildlife at Risk, TRAFFIC Vietnam,  Animals Asia Foundation, PanNature

 Endorsed by:

1.      Center for Hands-on Actions and Networking for Growth and Environment (Change)
2.      Free the Bears
3.      Humane Society International- Vietnam
4.      Center for Nature Conservation and Development (CCD)

Here is Open Letter with with signatures


[1] Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. Lu, Roujian et al. The Lancet, 2020. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30251-8
[2] African Swine Fever. UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 2020. http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/programmes/en/empres/ASF/index.html
 [3] D?ch virus corona tác ??ng th? nào ??n kinh t? Vi?t Nam? Source: https://news.zing.vn/dich-virus-corona-tac-dong-the-nao-den-kinh-te-viet-nam-post1043954.html
[4] Hàng không Vi?t Nam thi?t h?i l?n tr??c “c?n bão” nCoV. Souce: http://baochinhphu.vn/Kinh-te/Hang-khong-Viet-Nam-thiet-hai-lon-truoc-con-bao-nCoV/387320.vgp

Proposing Active Guidance to Swiftly Implement the Project to Expand the Hanoi Wildlife Rescue Center

We respectfully recommend that you encourage relevant authorities to cany out the HWRC expansion project in 2020, in order to expand the facility’s infrastructure, raise its capacity, and increase its standards of quality for wildlife rescue in Vietnam. We believe that with its 24 years of experience in wildlife rescue, HWRC deserves renovation and expansion to better perform its functions and train Vietnam’s next generation of wildlife rescue professionals.

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People and Nature Reconciliation | Office: 24 H2, Khu do thi moi Yen Hoa
Yen Hoa quarter, Cau Giay district, Hanoi, Vietnam
Phone: ++8424 3556-4001 | Fax: ++8424 3556-8941 | Email: contact@nature.org.vn