Publications

Publishing guidance on pines

Recently, People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) has published the guidance on pines in the mountains of Mai Chau – Moc Chau  to provide specific information and updates on Pinopsida plants, collectively referred to as the coniferous flora in the mountains area bordering provinces of Hoa Binh and Son La .

pine-book-cover

The publications have provided information on the new pine species on the mountains of Moc Chau District, such as Pinus affarmandii  – the newly discovered species in this area; communities of Cephalotaxus mannii and Amentotaxus yunnanensis. These are the first species that have been found in this area. In addition, the publications also provide specific guidance to breed conifers in nursery conditions by breeding methodscompatible to the species.

This guidanceis crucial to the conservation of natural resources in general and to the conservation of conifers in particular as the limestone corridors Hoa Binh – Son La, namely Mai Chau – Moc Chau mountain is one of the areas of high value for biodiversity.  However, information on the species as well as the conservation of endangered species in this area has not been adequately studied and properlyconcerned.

Source: MONRE

River basin management in Vietnam: Power and challenges

This policy discussion report is initiated, revised and completed by PanNature’s Policy Research Department under professional instructions of Dr Dao Trong Tu, Director of the Centre for Sustainable Water Resources Development and Adaptation to Climate Change(CEWAREC), Advisor to Vietnam Rivers Network and Member of Global Water Partnership Southeast Asia (GWPSEA).

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Awareness Survey and Assessment on the Environment and Coastal Natural Resource Management of Soc Trang Province

Soc Trang is a poor coastal province in the south east of Vietnam. In the past, a discontinuous belt of natural mangrove was situated along the coastal line of the province and along the Dinh An and Tran De estuaries where the Mekong River (also known as Hau River) flows into the sea. Mangrove forests are only found in three districts: Cu Lao Dung, Vinh Chau and Long Phu. The mangrove ecosystem and coastal resources are very important for sustaining local livelihoods, local environmental security and local socioeconomic development.

Some of the mangrove forests in Soc Trang were destroyed during the American War (also called the Vietnam War, 1958-1975), and then recovered through natural regeneration and new establishments on mud flats, and new plantations. In the last two decades the mangrove forests have been seriously decreased due to the expansion of shrimp farming, agricultural production and coastal dyke construction. Thousands of hectares of mangrove forests in Soc Trang have disappeared which has:, reduced their protective functions; caused a decline in marine resources and resulting in increased damage and forest cover loss caused by strong waves, tidal actions and natural disasters. These changes negatively impact local incomes, worsen local living conditions, and raise additional social difficulties and conflicts. Existing environmental and socio-economic problems are caused by the absence of sustainable solutions for managing, using and protecting coastal natural resources, including mangrove forests. In particular, local authorities did a poor job in carrying out their responsibilities in terms of law enforcement to challenge
problems arising from the expansion of shrimp farming, which has been promoted as a priority for local economic development.

To solve those problems, Soc Trang Provincial People Committee has worked in cooperation with the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) to implement the project “Management of Natural Resources in the Coastal Zone of Soc Trang Province”. The Soc Trang Forest Protection Sub-department is the focal point for executing and implementing this project. The goal of the project is for the coastal wetlands of Soc Trang Province to be protected and sustainably used for the benefit of the local population. Therefore, the project specifically aims to promote coastal co-management mechanisms among resource users (local community, shrimp farmers) and local authorities from the commune, district and provincial levels.

To achieve the project objectives, it is of greatest importance that local authorities and social organisations have sufficient knowledge and understanding of sustainable management of coastal natural resources (Result 5). In addition, local authorities, social organisations and the local community must have proper awareness of environmental issues (Result 6). To verify these outcomes, the project has to collect baseline data using a field survey in the project area. This survey will help to assess the awareness of local authorities, social organisations and local villagers towards the environment and management of coastal natural resources. This survey also creates a good opportunity for training and improving the capacity of project staff at districts in terms of awareness assessment, data analysis and interpretation skills.

PanNature was selected to implement the activity “Assessment about the awareness of coastal zone management and general environmental awareness in Soc Trang Province”. From 5-20 May 2008, three PanNature researchers worked in cooperation with project counterpart staff at the province, district and commune levels to carry out assessment activities in Soc Trang City and the districts of Cu Lao Dung, Vinh Chau and Long Phu. This technical report presents the results of the field survey. It describes the local awareness on environmental issues and management of coastal resources of different target groups of Soc Trang Province.

Read online:

Or download here: PDF file (1.642 Kb)

Find more information about the project at http://czm-soctrang.org.vn/en/

Small and Medium Hydropower: Great Impacts on Environment but Less Supervision of Environmental Impact Assessment

This report is a result of the small research project supported as part of the fellowship program provided by the UNEP Eco-Peace Leadership Center for Ms. Do Thi Hai Linh, PanNature’s Communication Manager in 2006. The research was supervised by Dr. Jin Hong Kim Chung-Ang University.

Son Kim 1was the most damage by flooding in 2002. There was a whole village swept out in the flooding. Photo: UNEP-EPLC

Medium and small hydropower (MSH) development is booming in Vietnam in recent years. On one hand, MSH contribute to the national electricity grid to supplement energy for Vietnam’ industries. On the other hand, they cause a lot of severely negative impacts on natural and social environment.

Local communities play a vital role in the process of MSH planning, construction and operation. They may be either beneficiaries or victims of MSH development. Community consultation is a regulated requirement for environmental impacts assessment (EIA) for any MSH project in Vietnam. This adopts a grassroot democracy mechanism to minimize negative impacts that MSH might potentially affect local livelihood and community wealth. Community responses provide a significantly useful reference for decision makers to continue or terminate MSH project proposals.

However, some investors has ignored these requirements, or blind local communities due to their unadequate awareness to MSH impacts, or even some tries to violate or take advantage from gaps in EIA regulations to marginalise community consultation.

The survey was conducted in Son Kim 1 commune, Huong Son district, Ha Tinh province so as to address those concerns. The survey’s results showed not much difference between the assumption of the working group before the field trip and the fact. Local community were lacking awareness and understanding about the environmental and social impacts of MSH projects. They did not have enough capacity and opportunities to give feedbacks or consultation for MSH project.

Although giving some primary recommendations for Son Kim 1 situation, the working group should take deeper study to make this a tyical research that can be applicated in difference area and considered an example for the policy advocacy process.

Download the full report here >> (File PDF, 524 KB)

Literature Review: Community-based Water Resource Management in Vietnam

This report reviews current literature by local and international researchers on communitybased water management in Vietnam available in both Vietnamese and English. Due to limited access to all sources of information in a short period of time, we have not covered all aspects of this issue. The key findings in this report sum up the major research work that our team has carried out.

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Community behaviours towards nature conservation: A theoretical analysis for practical approaches

Changing community behaviors has been long recognized as both purpose and outcome of any communication, awareness and education programmes towards conservation and management of natural resources. Based on a literature review, this article presents critical analysis and discussion of basic understandings about community behavior, and its relations to knowledge and attitude matters in nature conservation.

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The Poor, Agro-forestry Products, and the Market

Over 85% of protected areas and national parks in Vietnam are situated in rural and remote areas, where the poverty rate still remains high. Local communities living in these areas depend heavily on natural resources for livelihoods. PanNature looks at the case in Hang Kia – Pa Co Nature Reserve in Hoa Binh province to find solutions for linking the poor with the market. Findings from this research project will help PanNature formulate an intervention project to improve livelihoods of local people while protecting the nature reserve.

Report cover

Click the image above to download the research report.

People and Nature Reconciliation | Office: 24 H2, Khu do thi moi Yen Hoa
Yen Hoa quarter, Cau Giay district, Hanoi, Vietnam
Phone: ++844 3556-4001 | Fax: ++844 3556-8941 | Email: contact@nature.org.vn