Projects & Activities

Launching “The Framework for Extractive Industries Governance in ASEAN”

Hanoi, December 5th, 2014 – People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature), in cooperation with Institute Essential Service Reform (IESR), organized a half-day workshop on “Launching the regional framework on EI governance”.

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REDD+ Piloting in Vietnam Profiled at National Workshop

The Asia-Pacific Community Carbon Pools and REDD+ Programme celebrated successes and learnings last month at the team’s National Vietnam workshop in Hanoi. The July 10 event ‘REDD+ and Community Forestry: the Practices and Perspectives’ was facilitated by People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) in cooperation with Kon Tum’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) and Fauna & Flora International (FFI). The workshop attracted an attendance of 65 participants from 35 organisations, particularly those who are involved in REDD+ development and implementation in Vietnam.

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ADDA and PanNature Team Orient Provinces on CEMI Project

Between June 2-7, the Country Representative and National Project Manager of ADDA, accompanied by Mr. Hoang Xuan Thuy, the Deputy Director of the partner NGO, PanNature, travelled to Son La, Dien Bien and Lai Chau to orient the Provincial Farmers’ Unions of the three provinces and other local representatives on the new project, ‘Climate Change and Ethnic Minorities in Northern Vietnam’.

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CSO, EM Elect Representatives to FEB

On 28 March 2014, Sustainable Rural Development (SRD) and Center for Sustainable Development in Mountainous Areas (CSDM) – two interim representatives of CSO and EM – co-hosted the meeting on electing civil society organizations (CSO) and ethnic minorities (EM) representatives for Programme Executive Board (PEB) of UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme.

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Vietnamese take active part in ASEAN people’s forum

A large group of Vietnamese attended the ASEAN Civil Society Conference/ASEAN People’s Forum 2014 held in Yangon on March 21st-23rd, where they took an active part in various plenaries, workshops and side events.

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World Wildlife Day

On March 3, the U.S. Embassy’s American Center Hanoi organized an event to celebrate the first globally recognized World Wildlife Day. More than sixty Vietnamese youth attended the program that began with a short, thought-provoking film on wildlife conservation practices in the United States. The film is the fifth, and final, part of a series on environmental issues, produced by Vietnamese broadcast journalists through the PAS-sponsored TV Coop program. The series was aired on national TV and is scheduled to be aired again soon.

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Active Policy Progress at REDD+ ASEAN Workshop

ASEAN delegates active at Regional Workshop on Community Forestry and REDD+ Policy Development in Hanoi, Vietnam

“There are some interesting lessons we can learn from REDD+ in Indonesia – REDD is not only about payments for carbon, it is also about improved forest governance. We can achieve multiple benefits in terms of the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, such as watersheds and ecotourism, and social benefits such as improved land tenure and greater rights for communities.”

REDD-Workshop-01a
These were key observations highlighted by Fauna & Flora International (FFI) Indonesia’s Mr Ahmad Kusworo at FFI’s Regional REDD+ Programme’s second ASEAN Workshop on Community Forestry and REDD+ Policy Development, which ran from 13-15 November 2013 in Hanoi, Vietnam. The workshop was hosted by programme partners, the Non-Timber Forest Products Exchange Programme (NTFP-EP) and PanNature.

More than 50 active participants (programme officers, government representatives and local community leaders) from Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam contributed to the productive workshop by sharing lessons and future strategies for REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, plus enhancement of forest carbon stocks).

The Indonesian workshop delegation of seven comprised of: from West Kalimantan Province, Joannes Prabani Setioharnowo (Head of Forestry Office, Ketapang District), Ms Yanta (Community Forestry Forum) and Mr Imanul Huda (Director, People Resource and Conservation Foundation, Indonesia Programme); and from Jambi Province, Ms Emmy Primadona (REDD Coordinator, Indonesian Conservation Community/WARSI).

The Cambodian delegation of 10 comprised of: from Siem Reap Province, Mr Marina Prak (Forestry Administration Deputy Cantonment Chief for Siem Reap Province), Mr Neron Neak (District Governor, Varin District), Mr Nga Mao (Community Forestry Management Committee leader for Tbeng Leak Community Forest), and Mr Vuthy Mao (His Excellency Deputy Governor of Siem Reap Province); Mr Delux Chhun (Deputy Chief of Forest Carbon and Climate Change Office, Forestry Administration); and Mr Pheakkdey Nguon (Doctoral Candidate, Clark University, Massachusetts).

The Philippines delegation of 12 comprised of programme officers, government representatives and local community leaders including: Mr Alexis Lapiz (Philippines Climate Change Commission/CCC); Mr Mark de Claro (Department of Environment and Natural Resources); and Ms Conchita Calzado (tribal leader, Agta-Dumagat-Remontado).

REDD-Workshop-02aThe Vietnam delegation of 23 consisted of national and provincial government representatives including: Mr Nguyen Kim Phuong (Vice Director of the Kontum Department of Agriculture and Rural Development); local community leaders from Hieu Commune; and managers and REDD+ experts from the World Agroforestry Centre, Forest Trends, the UN-REDD (Phase II) Programme and local NGOs. At the workshop, Dr Pham Manh Cuong, Vietnam REDD+ National Programme Director, provided a valuable update about REDD+ policy developments in Vietnam and hosted an open dialogue with participants.

The Regional REDD+ Programme is managed by FFI, working in partnership with NTFP-EP and PanNature, and is chiefly funded by the European Union (EU) with support from the Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN).

FFI Regional Programme Manager, Mr Rob Harris said the Hanoi workshop was an excellent opportunity to network with government, community and non-governmental organisation representatives who were responsible for actively carrying out REDD+ policy activities.

“The workshop, and following visit to the Vietnam project site in Kontum Province, will strengthen future collaborations in a very effective way for the direction of the REDD+ Programme,” Mr Harris said.

“There was a dynamic exchange of ideas between the ASEAN countries – everyone wanted to find out what issues had been highlighted and apply this knowledge to their own country strategies and pass on their experiences to others.”

Regional REDD+ pilot projects are operating in Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam, with the long-term aim to effectively reduce carbon emissions while providing benefits to forest-dependent people.

Mr Harris said the programme was driven by the aim to create performance-based payments – to pay forest owners to protect their forest resources and therefore reduce emissions.

“Such payment for environmental services can only succeed with clearly defined land tenure and carbon rights, so the REDD+ Programme works to improve and strengthen forest governance, by ensuring that the tenurial rights of indigenous and forest-dependent communities are incorporated into the decision-making process,” he said.

“REDD+ needs a broad set of policies that include institutional reforms in the areas of governance, tenure, decentralisation and community forest management.

“The programme strives to build the capacity of local communities and country governments to actively participate in REDD+ pilot projects and channel lessons into policy contributions at international, national and regional levels.”

Source: communitycarbonpool.info

Signing MoU with GreenViet on Biodiversity Conservation

Greenviet Biodiversity Conservation Center (GreenViet) and People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) have signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to strengthen cooperation and effort in developing, implementing and sharing information about nature conservation and environmental protection in Vietnam.

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Research and capacity building on REDD+, livelihoods, and vulnerability in Vietnam

PI: Le Thi Van Hue, Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (CRES), Vietnam National University

Co-PIs: Nguyen Viet Dung, PanNature – People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature); and Tran Huu Nghi, Tropenbos International (TBI) Vietnam

U.S. Partner: Pamela McElwee, Rutgers University

Project Dates: June 2012 – May 2015

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Another five-needle pine species discovered in Vietnam

The third among world’s five-needle pine species, after Pinus dalatensis and Pinus kwangtungensis, has been recorded for Vietnam in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve, Son La province. The white pine with large cones and wingless seeds was preliminarily identified as Pinus armandii. Its current conservation status is assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), requiring immediate protection. In addition to conservation values, this pine species also has potential uses in forest plantation for timber and for edible seeds.

Habitat of new pine

Forest habitat in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve. 

In bonsai art five-needle pines are considered as a symbol of strength and beauty due to its neat and solid looking trunk, with fresh green coniferous foliage harmoniously arranged on the branches. The five-needle pines are used to create many bonsai shapes, ranging from simple to complex, from modest to sophisticated, but wherever the tree always reserves its noble but very lively contemplation.

Five-needle pines have been on top of dream collections of many Vietnamese bonsai growers. Some enthusiasts spend lots of money trying to get a specimen of the five-needle pine from China or Japan in their bonsai collection. However, these pines cannot tolerate climate and soil conditions in lowland of Vietnam. Therefore, many bonsai lovers eventually lost their trees after one or two years of unsuccessful cultivation.

However, not many bonsai growers know that there are five-needle pines growing naturally in forests of Vietnam. Vietnam has not one but three species of five-needle pines. Two species Pinus dalatensis and Pinus kwangtungensis have been known since the French colonial time. In January 2013, a research team of PanNature discovered a population of another five-needle pine species in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve in Son La province. The pine species grows relatively straight with height from15 – 25 m and diameter at breast level reaches 0.8 m.

Specimen collection

Collection of specimens of the five-needle pine.

Different from Pinus kwangtungensis, this new pine has leaf bundles with very long needles of 12 – 24 cm, drooping down. Seed cones are quite large with length of 7-10 cm and diameter of 5-7 cm, containing many big seeds of 0.5 x 1 cm in average size. Particularly, seeds of this species do not have real wings.

The population of the five-needle pine in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve grows in a nearly pure stand with total estimated number of mature trees around 200 individuals in an area of approximately 6 square km. This is a mountainous area of altitude from 900 to 1,200 m on clay soil developing on mother sandy stones. Mature individuals of this pine distribute quite evenly in the area. Regenerating saplings are very rare. Only 3 young seedlings (two year old) were observed. Under the pine canopy there is a layer of shrubs and small trees of 2-3 m high, including species of families Theaceae, Lauraceae and dense clumps of small bamboos and tall grasses.

In lower elevation down of the pine ridge, there are primary evergreen forests with occurrence of other conifer species such as Podocarpus neriifolius and Dacrycarpus imbricatus. On the cliffs of the revealed sand stones an interesting slipper orchid has been found. The leaves of the orchid are of white-green color with dark-green spots. Although its flowers were not observed, the orchid is premilinarily identified as Paphiopedilum appletonianum, an orchid species normally found in the Central Highland.

The newly discovered five-needle pine species has many distinctive characteristics as compare to the known Pinus dalatensis and Pinus kwangtungensis. Based on the collected specimens and existing information, it has been preliminary identified by taxonomic experts as Pinus armandii, or the Chinese White Pine.

In China, this pine species distributes from Southern Shandong to Southern Gansu in the West and to Southern Yunnan in the South, with some isolated populations in Anhui and Taiwan. The species is also found in the North of Myanmar.

The new population of Pinus armandii found in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve therefore is the furthest distribution in the South of this species and is separated from the nearest population in Yunnan. This feature suggests that the pine in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve may belong to another variety rather than the white pine in China. Additional study should be done to clarify the taxonomic position of this pine species.

Chinese White Pine is named after the French missionaries and naturalist Armand David, who was the first one introduced the tree into Europe. The species now is planted as a horticultural tree in parks and gardens in Europe and Northern America. The pine also plays important role in forest plantation in some areas in China. Seeds of this pine are collected and sold as edible food. Wood of this species is used in general construction.

The population of five-needle pine in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve is the only known population of this species in Vietnam. Since it has a limited number of individuals, small area of occurrence, low regeneration ability due to wingless seeds, we recommend that the pine should be categorized as Critically Endangered (CR) in Vietnam. Pinus armandii should be included in the national list of endangered species for strict protection for its valuable genetic resource. At the same time, research on propagation and cultivation of the pine as a new potential tree for forest plantation in the Northwestern region should also be considered.

Below are some photos of the five-needle pine in Xuan Nha Nature Reserve. Photo credit should be given to Minh Xuan/PanNature if used.

 Pine stump

Pine stump.

 Pine trunk

Pine trunk.

 Pine canopy

Pine canopy.

  Young cones

Pine young cones.

 Pine seeds

Pine seeds.

 Pine cone branch

Pine cone branch.

People and Nature Reconciliation | Office: 24 H2, Khu do thi moi Yen Hoa
Yen Hoa quarter, Cau Giay district, Hanoi, Vietnam
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